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  • Right Combination for Growth

    Most bodybuilders take creatine. It’s been shown to improve muscle energetics, enabling them to grind out more end-of-set growth reps, and...

    Becky HolmanNovember 16, 2011
  • Insulin and Muscle Mass

    The combination of insulin, testosterone and growth hormone is primarily responsible for the monstrous muscle size many pro bodybuilders display.

    Jerry BrainumMarch 5, 2011
  • Muscle: Vegetarians vs. Meat Eaters

    You rarely see an elite bodybuilding champion who’s also a vegetarian. There are, however, some notable exceptions. One is Andreas Cahling...

    Jerry BrainumJuly 6, 2010
  • Pyruvate: Muscle-and-Leanness Compound

    Simply put, pyruvate is formed during the metabolism, or digestion, of sugars and starches. It’s a key compound that jump-starts the...

    George Redmon, Ph.D., N.D.May 28, 2010
  • Good Nutrition: A Key to More Muscle?

    The authors suggest that factors other than nutrition must explain the differences between hard and easy gainers. On the other hand,...

    Jerry BrainumMay 10, 2010
  • Enzymes Expedite Recovery

    Need to recover more quickly? Then you’d better add proteases to your pillbox. Proteases such as bromelain, derived from pineapple, apparently...

    Jose Antonio, Ph.D.May 4, 2010
  • Weight Gain

    One popular snack food can be a godsend for bodybuilders. I’m talking about nuts, which are calorie dense and loaded with...

    Ron HarrisMarch 11, 2010
  • Ripping Up After 40

    If you change the distribution of your macronutrients to fewer carbs, you can radically change the look of your physique without...

    John HansenFebruary 21, 2010
  • Low Carbs, Low Training Intensity?

    Several studies have found that athletes who severely restrict carb intake suffer a loss of training intensity. On the other hand,...

    Jerry BrainumJanuary 16, 2010
  • Protein Intake

    Taking the protein before and after training blocked the response of both active and total testosterone to the exercise, much the...

    Jerry BrainumJuly 23, 2009
  • Supplemental Carbs

    It turned out that taking the carb supplement didn’t affect exercise performance, perhaps because the volume of training—five sets of squats—wasn’t...

    Jerry BrainumJuly 2, 2009
  • Latest Creatine Studies

    The basic function of creatine is to donate a phosphate molecule that reconstitutes depleted stores of adenosine triphosphate in muscle.

    Jerry BrainumApril 30, 2009
  • Steroid-Induced Muscle Gains

    A major reason that steroid-induced gains appear to evaporate when the drugs are stopped is that many athletes either lay off...

    Jerry BrainumApril 24, 2009
  • Move Over, Breakfast

    If you’re willing to sacrifice some gains in lean mass so that you don’t gain any fat, however, go for the...

    Jose Antonio, Ph.D.April 15, 2009
  • Estrogen Manipulation

    Just how bad gyno can get depends on genetic factors, such as the number of estrogen receptors in a man’s breasts...

    Jerry BrainumApril 6, 2009